Toward Democracy

Toward Democracy

South Korean Culture and Society, 1945–1980 (KRM 38)

Hyunjoo Kim, Yerim Kim, Boduerae Kwon, Hyeryoung Lee, Theodore Jun Yoo

Publication date: 2021
ISBN-13 (print): 9781557291899
ISBN-10 (print): 1557291896
ISBN-13 (e-book): 9781557291905

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This volume brings together translated essays by fourteen established and emerging South Korean scholars. Using approaches from sociology, political science, history, and literary and cultural studies, the authors offer innovative and nuanced analyses of a wide range of topics from refugee displacement to street politics, from anti-communism and democracy to militarization—and discuss the links between cultural productions and their sociohistorical contexts. Divided into five parts, the collection begins with the national division in 1945 and devastating civil war and concludes with the May 18 Democratic Uprising in 1980.

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Title information

This volume brings together translated essays by fourteen established and emerging South Korean scholars. Using approaches from sociology, political science, history, and literary and cultural studies, the authors offer innovative and nuanced analyses of a wide range of topics—from refugee displacement to street politics, from anti-communism and democracy to militarization—and discuss the links between cultural productions and their sociohistorical contexts. Divided into five parts, the collection begins with the national division in 1945 and devastating civil war and concludes with the May 18 Democratic Uprising in 1980.

Contributors
Authors
Chang Se-jin is Assistant Professor in the Hallym Academy of Science at Hallym University.
Cheon Junghwan is Professor in the Department of Korean Language and Literature at Sungkyunkwan University.
Bruce Cumings is the Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of History and the College at the University of Chicago.
Kim Baek Yung is Professor in the Ingenium College of Liberal Arts at Kwangwoon University.
Kim Dong-choon is Professor in the College of Social Science at SungKongHoe University.
Hyunjoo Kim is Professor in the Department of Korean Language and Literature at Yonsei University.
Kim Jung Han is HK Plus Research Associate Professor in the Critical Global Studies Institute at Sogang University.
Kim Kun Woo is Associate Professor in the Department of Korean Language and Literature at Daejon University.
Kim Miran is a temporary professor in the Undergraduate College at Sungkyungkwan University.
Kim Sunghwan is Research Professor in the Humanities Institute at Pusan National University.
Kim Won is Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at the Academy of Korean Studies.
Yerim Kim is Associate Professor in the Undergraduate College, Yonsei University.
Boduerae Kwon is Professor in the Department of Korean Language and Literature at Korea University.
Lee Bong-beom is a lecturer at Sungkyungwan University.
Hyeryoung Lee is Associate Professor in the Institute for East Asian Studies at Sungkyunkwan University.
John Lie is C. K. Cho Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Yoo Sun Young is Professor in the Department of Media and Communications at SungKongHoe University.
Theodore Jun Yoo is Associate Professor in the Department of Korean Language and Literature at Yonsei University.
Translators
Jae Won Edward Chung is Assistant Professor of Korean Studies in the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
Seunghei Clara Hong is Associate Professor of Asian/Comparative Literature at Underwood International College, Yonsei University.
Susan Hwang is Assistant Professor of Korean Literature in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of Indiana, Bloomington.
I Jonathan Kief is Assistant Professor of Korean Literature in the Department of Asian Studies at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Ann Meejung Kim is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of English at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Kim Yong-bom worked as a managing editor for the Korea Times for many years and is currently a professional translator with Albatross.
Jennifer Wang Medina is Assistant Professor of Korean Literature and Culture in the Department of Russian and East Asian Languages and Cultures at Emory University.

 

Pages: 338
Language: English
Publisher: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley
OCLC: 1204264967

Hyunjoo Kim

Education:
Website:

Yerim Kim

Education:
Website:

Boduerae Kwon

Education:
Website:

Hyeryoung Lee

Education:
Website:

Theodore Jun Yoo

Education:
Website:

Toward Democracy (KRM 38)

Acknowledgments vii
Preface ix
Theodore Jun Yoo
 Introduction: What Is South Korea? xiii
 John Lie
 PART I: LIBERATION AND THE POLITICS OF THE PEOPLE
 1. The State as Betrayal and People as Refugees: The Politics of Return 3
 Yerim Kim
 2. Street Politics and the Production of Representations 15
 Cheon Junghwan
 3. Days and Nights of Taking up Arms: Guns, Young Men, and Liberation 40
 Hyeryoung Lee
 PART II: THE COLD WAR’S HOT WAR: CONFLICT, RECONSTRUCTION, AND FREEDOM
 4. The State as God: North and South Korean Occupation and Mobilization Policies During the Korean War 67
 Kim Dong-choon
 5. Morals and Liberal Democracy After the Korean War 92
 Lee Bong-beom
 6. Traveling in Asia: The (Im)possibility of Intraregional Traffic 106
 Chang Se-jin
 PART III: ARTICULATIONS OF RESISTANCE AND NETWORKS
 7. The Intellectual Landscape of 1964: Anti-communism, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, and Developmentalism 131
 Kim Kun Woo
 8. The April Revolution and the May Coup: The Topos of Liberty and Bread 149
 Boduerae Kwon
 PART IV: BODY, SPACE, AND AFFECTIVE DEMOCRACY
 9. The April Uprising of the “Youth Generation” and the Rituals of Resistance 177
 Kim Miran
 10. A Spatial Sociology of the April 19 Uprising and May 16 Coup 192
 Kim Baek Yung
 11. Those Deprived in 1971: The Housing Protests 217
 Kim Won
 PART V: FROM DECADENCE TO REVOLT: FISSURES IN THE STATE
 12. Hostess Movies and the Hypernationalization Project of the Mobilization Regime 241
 Yoo Sun Young
 13. The Boom in Nonelite Writings and the Expansion of the Literary Field 258
 Kim Sunghwan
 14. Counter-Violence and Anti-Violence: The May 18 Armed Struggle and Social Movements of the 1980s 272
 Kim Jung Han
 Afterword 293
 Bruce Cumings
 Contributors 297
 Chronology 299
 Index 319

 

BLURBS

Toward Democracy is a timely and necessary intervention from scholars at the epicenter of one of the most vibrant grassroots democracies of our time. In the contemporary global crisis of liberalism, Toward Democracy upends any illusion of Western ‘origins’ of democracy to highlight the hard-won struggles for liberty with justice in South Korea. With first-rate scholarship authored and translated by leading and rising scholars in multiple fields, this is an outstanding collection of collective labor.”~Suzy Kim, Rutgers University

“For a deep-dive into the cultural history behind the politics of resistance in South Korea, look no further. Gathered in a single volume and supplemented by contributions in sociology, media studies, and architectural history, these essays by leading scholars of Korean literature offer illuminating perspectives on Korea’s enduring struggle for democracy that are both innovative and consequential.”~Youngju Ryu, University of Michigan

Toward Democracy captures all of the drama of Korea’s seven-decade struggle for democracy while posing deep intellectual questions. This multidisciplinary volume is a must-read for anyone interested in comparative democracy around the world.”~Andre Schmid, University of Toronto